Oil remains Cameroon's main export commodity, and despite falling global oil prices, still accounts for nearly 40% of exports. Cameroon's economy suffers from factors that often impact underdeveloped countries, such as stagnant per capita income, a relatively inequitable distribution of income, a top-heavy civil service, endemic corruption, continuing inefficiencies of a large parastatal system in key sectors, and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise. Since 1990, the government has embarked on various IMF and World Bank programs designed to spur business investment, increase efficiency in agriculture, improve trade, and recapitalize the nation's banks.
3%, Pygmy 1. 6%, Oubanguiens 1. 6%, Duma 1. 5%, Makaa 1. 3%, other and unspecified 1% (2014-15 est. )Bamileke-Bamu 24. 3%, Beti/Bassa, Mbam 21. 6%, Biu-Mandara 14. 6%, Arab-Choa/Hausa/Kanuri 11%, Adamawa-Ubangi, 9. 8%, Grassfields 7. 7%, Kako, Meka/Pygmy 3. 3%, Cotier/Ngoe/Oroko 2. 7%, Southwestern Bantu 0. 7%, foreign/other ethnic group 4. 5% (2018 est. ) HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS110, 000 (2020 est. )500, 000 (2020 est. ) ReligionsRoman Catholic 33.
Republic of the Congo vs. CameroonHome > Factbook > Country Comparisons Introduction Republic of the CongoCameroon BackgroundUpon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government took office in 1992. A two-year civil war that ended in 1999 restored former Marxist President Denis SASSOU-Nguesso, who had ruled from 1979 to 1992, and sparked a short period of ethnic and political unrest that was resolved by a peace agreement in late 1999.
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Underinvestment in social safety nets and ineffective public financial management also contribute to Cameroon's high rate of poverty. The activities of Boko Haram, other armed groups, and counterinsurgency operations have worsened food insecurity in the Far North region. International migration has been driven by unemployment (including fewer government jobs), poverty, the search for educational opportunities, and corruption. The US and Europe are preferred destinations, but, with tighter immigration restrictions in these countries, young Cameroonians are increasingly turning to neighboring states, such as Gabon and Nigeria, South Africa, other parts of Africa, and the Near and Far East.
Oil has supplanted forestry as the mainstay of the economy, providing a major share of government revenues and exports. Natural gas is increasingly being converted to electricity rather than being flared, greatly improving energy prospects. New mining projects, particularly iron ore, which entered production in late 2013, may add as much as $1 billion to annual government revenue. The Republic of the Congo is a member of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) and shares a common currency - the Central African Franc - with five other member states in the region. The current administration faces difficult economic challenges of stimulating recovery and reducing poverty. The drop in oil prices that began in 2014 has constrained government spending; lower oil prices forced the government to cut more than $1 billion in planned spending.
French Cameroon became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. The following year the southern portion of neighboring British Cameroon voted to merge with the new country to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a unitary state, the United Republic of Cameroon.
) Major cities - population2. 470 million BRAZZAVILLE (capital), 1. 254 million Pointe-Noire (2021)4. 164 million YAOUNDE (capital), 3. 793 million Douala (2021) Maternal mortality rate378 deaths/100, 000 live births (2017 est. )529 deaths/100, 000 live births (2017 est. ) Children under the age of 5 years underweight12. 3% (2014/15)11% (2018/19) Health expenditures2. 1% (2018)3. 5% (2018) Physicians density0. 17 physicians/1, 000 population (2011)0. 09 physicians/1, 000 population (2011) Obesity - adult prevalence rate9.
) Infant mortality ratetotal: 49. 28 deaths/1, 000 live birthsmale: 53. 82 deaths/1, 000 live birthsfemale: 44. 61 deaths/1, 000 live births (2021 est. )total: 50. 09 deaths/1, 000 live birthsmale: 55. 01 deaths/1, 000 live birthsfemale: 45. 02 deaths/1, 000 live births (2021 est. ) Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 61. 69 yearsmale: 60. 27 yearsfemale: 63. 16 years (2021 est. )total population: 62. 79 yearsmale: 61. 07 yearsfemale: 64. 57 years (2021 est.
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Fertility is falling but remains at a high level, especially among poor, rural, and uneducated women, in part because of inadequate access to contraception. Life expectancy remains low at about 55 years due to the prevalence of HIV and AIDs and an elevated maternal mortality rate, which has remained high since 1990. Cameroon, particularly the northern region, is vulnerable to food insecurity largely because of government mismanagement, corruption, high production costs, inadequate infrastructure, and natural disasters. Despite economic growth in some regions, poverty is on the rise, and is most prevalent in rural areas, which are especially affected by a shortage of jobs, declining incomes, poor school and health care infrastructure, and a lack of clean water and sanitation.
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(STREAM<) Live stream: Cameroon v Congo 26 August 2022 DR Congo vs Cameroon: 2023 FIBA World Cup African Fans can live stream the match on Courtside 1891 and Indians can log in to